Brown birds are not rare. There are many birds with brown plunge but to find one with white spots might be a rare sight. There are a few brown birds with white spots including Spotted Nutcracker, Asian koel, Spotted rail, etc. These birds are explained in detail below so keep reading the blog post
List of brown birds with white spots
1. Spotted Nutcracker
- Scientific name: Nucifraga caryocatactes
- Lifespan: Up to 16 years
- Size: 12 inches
- Native to Scandinavia right across northern Europe, Siberia and eastern Asia, including Japan
The Nutcracker gets its name from its extremely adapted bill which enables the bird to break nuts open.
The adult nutcrackers have dark brown plumage that is strongly speckled and streaked with white on the majority of the body. Brown on the crown and nape are significantly deeper than the rest of the body.
On the scapulars, breasts, and flanks where they form confluent lines, the white dots are bigger and more spread apart. furthermore, the lower belly and undertail coverts are white, while the rump and upper tail coverts are dark browns. The feathers on the upper wing are glossy black. The tips of the coverts have a little white mark.
The bill of a Nutcracker is rather long, powerful, straight, and black in color. With the help of its specialized bill, it can open nuts, but it can also hold cones and nuts beneath its foot and smash at them with its powerful bill.
Pine nuts, namely Siberian pine nuts, are the primary source of nutrition for the Spotted Nutcracker. But it needs other nuts, particularly hazelnuts, and seeds from many conifer species. It consumes a wide variety of invertebrates, including insects and spiders, throughout the spring and early summer. Small birds and rats may also be caught by it. In its winter habitat, it stores vast amounts of food in caches at the bases of trees.
2. Asian koel (Female)
- Scientific name: Eudynamys scolopaceus
- Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
- Size: 15 inches
- Native to: tropical southern Asia from Iran, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to southern China and the Greater Sundas
The Asian koel is a sizable member of the cuckoo family and, like many of its related cuckoo relatives, is a brood parasite that lays its eggs in the nests of hosts like crows and other birds that then take care of its young.
The male Asian koel has grey legs and feet, a red eye, and a glossy brownish-black body with a light greenish-grey beak. The female has rufous stripes on her head and a brownish crown. With white and buff markings, the back, rump, and wing coverts are dark brown. Even though they are strongly striped, their underparts are white. Young birds have a black beak and top plumage that is more similar to that of a male bird.
The Asian koel is an omnivore and eats a range of insects, caterpillars, eggs, and tiny vertebrates. Fruit is the major food for adults. On occasion, they may protect the fruit trees they forage in and drive off other frugivores. They have been reported to have a significant role in the spread of the Indian sandalwood tree. Small-seeded fruits are eaten by koel and are more likely to be deposited further away from the parent tree than large-seeded fruits, which are sometimes immediately regurgitated close to the parent tree. They can consume huge fruits, including the hard fruit of palm trees like Arenga and Livistona, thanks to their wide mouths. It has been reported that they sometimes steal little bird eggs.
3. Spotted rail
- Scientific name: Pardirallus maculatus
- Lifespan: n/a
- Size: 10 inches
- Native to: South America
The spotted rail’s prominently striped plumage and large beak sets it apart from other rail species.
Male and female adults differ in size, with the female being a little bit smaller.
The Spotted Rail feeds in relatively open regions. However, this elusive bird only emerges from cover protection to forage in the early morning and late afternoon.
The Spotted Rail consumes a variety of invertebrates, including tiny fish, earthworms, and both adult and larval insects. Additionally, it eats various types of plants, such as pondweed. It forages while wading or at the water’s edge and uses its long bill to probe the mud.
4. Mistle Thrush
- Scientific name: Turdus viscivorus
- Lifespan: 3-5 years
- Size: 11 inches
- Native to: Europe
The mistle thrush is a significantly bigger songbird that is often seen in parks, gardens, woodlands, and scrub. It presumably got its popular name because it loves mistletoe and eats the berries since they are sticky.
Mistle Thrush in turn promotes the growth of mistletoe by unintentionally ‘planting’ its seeds when wiping its bill on the tree bark to remove the sticky residue. It also disperses the seeds in its droppings.
The mistle thrush has a white belly covered in circular, black, and white patches and has a light greyish-brown color on top. In comparison to the Song or Wood Thrush, it is bigger and greyer.
The mistle thrush is often referred to as the “Rain Bird” because, following significant spring rains, it may frequently be heard singing loudly from the tops of tall trees.
These iconic small birds are widely distributed, however they are not found on the highest mountains or on all of the Scottish islands.
5. The Wood Thrush
- Scientific name: Hylocichla mustelina
- Lifespan: up to 8 years
- Size: 7 inches
- Native to: deciduous and mixed forests in the eastern U.S
The Wood Thrush is often heard before it is seen. From the lower canopy of mixed eastern woods, the male sings his ee-oh-lay song, which has a melancholy yet lovely flute-like quality.
If you want to see Wood Thrushes, look for them quietly scrounging through leaf litter and foraging on the forest floor. They make the most of any surrounding rubbish since they are the ideal small scavenger birds.
A songbird like the Wood Thrush needs 10 to 15 times more calcium to lay eggs than others would require to care for its young at the same developmental period.
Snail shells and other calcium-rich dietary supplements are thus essential for their effective reproduction. The population of Wood thrushes is decreasing because of the presence of these vital nutrients in soils damaged by acid rain.
6. White-headed barbet
- Scientific name: Lybius leucocephalus
- Lifespan: 10 years
- Size: 7.1-7.7 inches
- Native to: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Another bird in our list of brown birds with white spots is the White-headed barbet. The woods of Central Africa are home to the black and white white-headed barbet. They have a big, white head and a powerful beak, and they are around 7 inches long. Their feet are gray-black, while the majority of their underparts are white.
These white-headed barbets like to eat Insects and seeds. They use mud to make their nests, which are lined with leaves. Because they are monogamous, both parents assist in raising the young. These little white-headed birds are sociable and often seen in groups. Therefore, be sure to capture this species in a high-quality photograph on your next trip to Africa while birding.
7. Blue-skinned Quail
- Scientific name: Callipepla squamata
- Lifespan: 2-3 years
- Size: 8 to 12 inches
- Native to: United States–New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas
Callipepla Squamata, sometimes known as the Blue Scale Quail, is a stunning and rare species of quail. Because of the feathers on the top of their heads, they are often referred to as “Cotton Tops.”
The adult Blue Scale Quail measures between 8 and 12 inches. They feature a black beak, gorgeous blue feathers with black lacing that resembles scales from the neck down to the breast and back, and a grey-brown head with a white “cotton top” crest. They have a grey-brown tint on their wings, lower back, and tail feathers.
Scale quail can run at speeds of up to 15 mph and prefer to do so over flying. These quail often reside in groups of around 30 birds throughout the winter, although considerably larger groupings are possible. They roost facing outwards in circles to keep a lookout for predators.
Scale quail are indigenous to the states of New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas in the country’s southwest.
Wild quail have an average lifespan of 1.5 years, although in captivity they may live for five to seven years.
Blue Scale Quail eat seeds, sweet fruits, grasses, insects, and other small vertebrates in the wild. Give them fresh greens and mealworms as a treat.
This concludes our list of brown birds with white spots. We hope that this Blog enabled you to learn more about these birds and may prove to be invaluable in your next bird-watching trip. If you like this post, we suggest that you should also read blackbirds with red heads