13 Species Of Hawks In Utah [Images + Ids]

Utah is known for its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife. The state is home to an array of bird species, with over 400 species recorded, including a number of hawk species. Hawks are diurnal birds of prey that belong to the Accipitridae family. These skilled hunters have exceptional vision and hearing, making them effective predators. Utah provides excellent habitats for hawks, including forests, wetlands, and open grasslands. The state’s unique geography, which includes mountain ranges and vast desert regions, also attracts a variety of migrating hawk species. In this blog post, we will explore the ten types of hawks that can be found in Utah and where to spot them.

List of Hawks In Utah

While some of these Hawks live in Utah all year round, others only visit during the summer or winter seasons. This guide will show the frequency of these birds based on the checklists submitted by birdwatchers of Utah on ebird. Let’s now delve into the specifics and examine each of these species in more depth to learn all there is to know:

  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Northern Harrier
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Rough-legged Hawk
  • Zone-tailed Hawk
  • Common Black Hawk
  • Swainson’s Hawk
  • Ferruginous Hawk
  • Gray hawk

Red-Tailed Hawk:

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo jamaicensis
  • Lifespan: 10-15 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 18-26 inches, wingspan 45-52 inches
  • Frequency in Utah:  Red-Tailed Hawks have been reported as 12% on Summer checklists and 24% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Red-tailed Hawks have a recognizable short, broad red tail, as their name suggests. They have big, rounded wings and are huge. The majority of Red-tailed Hawks have a brown back and a light underside.
Since they circle slowly over vast areas in search of food including small animals, birds, and reptiles, they are also the most easily seen and are often seen from cars on the roads.
Red-tailed Hawks are still year-round residents of the US and Mexico, although they migrate south for the winter from Alaska, Canada, and the northern Great Plains.
They nest high on rock ledges, large trees, and sometimes on buildings and lay 2-3 pale, brown-spotted eggs.

Cooper’s Hawk:

Hawks In Utah

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Accipiter cooperii
  • Lifespan: 7-12 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 14-20 inches, wingspan 24-35 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Cooper’s Hawks have been reported as 3% on Summer checklists and 4% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

The Cooper’s Hawk is larger, roughly the size of a crow, and has a striking resemblance to the Sharp-shinned Hawk in appearance. Given that they both have the same blue-gray back, red-orange breasts, and black bands on the tail, it may be challenging to tell them apart.
Unlike the Sharp-shinned Hawk, they have a bigger head that extends far beyond the wings.
The majority of the US is still home to Cooper’s Hawks, although some of them move south for the winter all the way to Mexico and Honduras in the north of their range, which includes Canada.
Watch out for them at woodland edges, however, you may also find them at feeders in search of a quick meal.
They nest in big trees, often on top of an old nest of a large bird or cluster of mistletoe, and feed on medium-sized birds and small animals and lay 2 to 6 bluish-white to light blue eggs.

Northern Harrier:

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Circus hudsonius
  • Lifespan: 7 years (on average)
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 18-24 inches, wingspan 40-48 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Northern Harriers have been reported as 3% on Summer checklists and 15% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Northern harriers are slim with long, wide wings. They often fly in a v-shape with the tips of their wings higher than their body. Males have a white rump patch and are grey above and white below, while females are brown.
Before traveling south for the winter to southern states, Mexico, and Central America, Northern Harriers breed in Alaska, Canada, the northern Great Plains, and the Northeast.
You may spot this long-tailed, slender hawk soaring low over marshes or grasslands.
The primary prey of northern harriers is small animals and birds. In thick vegetation like reeds, willows, or brushtails, they build their nests on the ground and 4–5 white eggs.

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Hawks In Utah

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Accipiter striatus
  • Lifespan: 4-5 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 9-13 inches, wingspan 16-22 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Sharp-shinned Hawks have been reported as 1% on Summer checklists and 5% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Sharp-shinned hawks have reddish-orange breasts and a blue-gray back. Their tails are covered with black bands.
The size of the females is one-third that of the males. They have tiny heads, short, rounded wings, and long, square-ended tails.
Sharp-shinned Hawks move south after breeding in Canada and certain northern states. These birds might spend the whole year in the Appalachians and Western Mountains.
While they are quite elusive, Sharp-shined Hawks can sometimes be observed flying through wide spaces at the margins of woodlands. They are incredibly swift and can move quickly through deep forests to capture their prey, which is mostly songbirds, as it flies.
Furthermore, Sharp-shined Hawks sometimes may be spotted grabbing small birds near feeders. They often prey on songbirds that are approximately a robin’s size.
The Sharp-shinned Hawk often builds its nests towards the tops of tall fir trees in areas with deep cover. With a circumference of 1-2 feet and a depth of 4-6 inches, the nest is large in size and they lay 3 to 8 speckled white or light blue eggs.

Red-Shouldered Hawk:

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo lineatus
  • Lifespan: 4-8 years
  • Origin: Native to North America, found in parts of the United States and Mexico
  • Size: Length 17-24 inches, wingspan 37-43 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Red-Shouldered Hawks are very rare in Utah and have been reported as 0% on Summer checklists and less than 1% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

The black and white checkered wings and reddish banding on the breast give Red-shouldered Hawks their distinctive markings. They have a tail that is heavily banded and is medium-sized, falling in between crow and swan in size.
The eastern states are home to Red-shouldered Hawks, however, those in the Northeast may go further south for the winter. The West Coast is also home to these hawks.
They often sneak around a stream or pond close to moist woodlands and eat frogs, snakes, and animals.
Red-shouldered Hawks make their nests under a broad-leaved tree close to the water and lay 2 to 5 white or blue eggs.

Rough-legged Hawk

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo lagopus
  • Lifespan: 16-20 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 18-24 inches, wingspan 52-58 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Rough-legged Hawks have been reported as 0% on Summer checklists and 8% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

The Rough-legged Hawks get their name from their feathery legs, which also keep them warm in the cold. These are huge hawks, around the size of a goose or a crow.
This mostly dark-drown species may be seen in both light and dark versions, with black spots on the belly, tails, and wing bends. Compared to other hawks, they have wide wings that are rather long and slender.
Before wintering in the US, Rough-legged Hawks migrate to Alaska and northern Canada to breed. They are often seen perched on a pole or hovering over marshes and open fields.
The majority of the prey for rough-legged hawks comes from lemmings and voles. In places like West Virginia, tiny animals like voles, mice, ground squirrels, and others serve as winter prey. They often build their nests on a steep rock ledge and deposit three to five light bluish-white eggs.

Ferruginous Hawk:

Hawks In Utah

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo regalis
  • Lifespan: 8-10 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 22-27 inches, wingspan 53-56 inches
  • Frequency in Utah:  Ferruginous Hawks have been reported as less than 1% on Summer checklists and 2% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Ferruginous hawks are the biggest hawks in America. They have lengthy wings and huge heads. Moreover, the underside of the wings, belly, and head of the light morph Ferruginous Hawks are all white. They have darker legs, and their backs and upper wings are a reddish-brown color. The abdomen and legs of immature light morphs have more brown spots.
They have brown bellies and underparts, with the exception of white flying feathers on the wingtips and tail, and dark variants are far more uncommon.
Ferruginous hawks can breed all the way south to Nevada and Utah and as far north as Southern Canada. They relocate to Mexico and the Southern States throughout the winter. In the midst of their range, some birds may live there all year long.
Ferruginous Hawks may be seen in low country grasslands and shrub areas. Even while migrating, they avoid crossing the Rocky Mountains. Tiny animals make up the bulk of their food, and depending on what is available, they consume ground squirrels and prairie dogs in the East and jackrabbits and cottontail rabbits in the West.
They are active throughout the day and may hunt while flying, perched, or even on the ground. Furthermore, they can lay up to 8 eggs in their enormous nests, which may be up to 3 feet high and 3 feet wide.

Swainson’s Hawk:

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo swainsoni
  • Lifespan: 5-7 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 18-22 inches, wingspan 47-56 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Swainson’s Hawks have been reported as 5% on Summer checklists and 0% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Long-winged hawks with pointed wingtips, Swainson’s Hawks have short tails. They often have paler bellies, brown or red chests, and a back that is mottled brown or grey.
While flying, you can see the contrast between the white top wing and the black flight feathers on the bottom margins and tips of the wings
Before migrating to South America for the winter in huge flocks numbering in the thousands, Swainson’s Hawks may be seen throughout the summer in open territory in the West and over the Great Plains. They reproduce throughout the West from the Pacific to the Midwest and as far away as British Columbia and Alaska.
Since they travel great distances and are known for putting on magnificent displays with tens of thousands of birds throughout the day, May and September are the ideal months to watch these hawks.
Swainson’s Hawks search for rodents by perching on any high points, such as utility poles or fences, making them easier to notice. They may be seen on the ground in grasslands and fields, searching for insects if there are no high places accessible.
In places where burrowing owls are common, they may also eat them. Nevertheless, they are not picky eaters and will consume everything, including bats, lizards, mice, and rabbits as well as crickets and dragonflies.
Swainson’s Hawks use any trees close to fields, low mesquite shrubs, and power poles since there aren’t many places for them to nest in the open countryside. The nests, which are made up of several twigs and branches, may be up to two feet wide and one foot tall. Softer materials like dung, bark, wool, and grass are used to line the nest’s interior.

Zone-tailed Hawk

Hawks In Utah

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo albonotatus
  • Lifespan: 7-8 years
  • Origin: Native to North and Central America
  • Size: Length 19-22 inches, wingspan 49-55 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Zone-tailed Hawks is a rare specie of hawks in Utah and have been reported as 0% on Winter checklists and less than 1% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Zone-tailed hawk is only seen in a few bordering states during the nesting season. They go even further south, into Mexico, during the winter and spend the whole year in South America.
They hunt in canyons and cliffs, often at great altitudes, and may be seen soaring above scrub and desert. Moreover, they will hunt on coastal plains.
The food of Zone-tailed Hawks consists of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. They hunt by flying slowly and hiding until it is too late for the prey

Northern Goshawk:

Hawks In Utah

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Circus hudsonius
  • Lifespan: 5-10 years
  • Origin: Native to North America, found in parts of the United States, Canada, and Mexico
  • Size: Length 18-24 inches, wingspan 40-48 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Northern Goshawks are very rare in Utah and have been reported as less than 1% on checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

The Sharp-shinned and Cooper’s Hawks’ larger and more aggressive cousin is the Northern Goshawk. They have a long tail, short, wide wings, and a white stripe covering their yellow eyes. They are generally grey in color and are residents of Alaska, Canada, and the rugged west. Throughout the winter, some juvenile birds may migrate to the Central States.
They are difficult to locate since they reside in vast woodlands and are wary of anybody who approaches their nests too closely.
Large tracts of predominantly coniferous or mixed woods are the habitat of northern goshawks. They typically consume medium-sized birds and small animals, keeping watch for prey from high perches.
The Northern Goshawk constructs up to eight nests and lays two to four bluish-white eggs in each one.

Broad-winged Hawk

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo platypterus
  • Lifespan: 4-5 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 13-17 inches, wingspan 31-34 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Broad-winged Hawk is very rare in Utah and has only been spotted a few times over the years

The Broad-winged Hawk is a small, stocky bird that is between a crow and a goose in size. They have barred breasts, short, square tails, and reddish-brown heads.
Prior to migrating in huge numbers to Central and South America in a whirling flock known as a kettle, broad-winged hawks breed in the Eastern States and Canada. So, the autumn migration is often the greatest opportunity to watch them.
These hawks hunt from perches, often near water or wooded areas, and they prey on small animals, frogs, snakes, and even hatchling turtles.
The Broad-winged Hawk often lays two to three pale eggs in the nest of another species, such as a crow.

Common Black Hawk

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteogallus anthracinus
  • Lifespan: 10-15 years
  • Origin: Native to Central and South America
  • Size: Length 20-23 inches, wingspan 49-54 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Common Black Hawks is a rare specie of hawks in Utah and have been reported as 0% on Winter checklists and less than 1% on winter checklists by Birdswatchers of Utah.

Common Black Hawks are huge in size with long legs, short tails, and wide wings. Except for a white band running across the tail, they are all black.
They are typically seen in the summer at the southern border between California and Texas. They often live year-round throughout their area in Mexico and Central America.
While they are referred to as “common,” just approximately 250 pairs are believed to exist in the United States, where they are not that common.
They pursue crabs, fish, frogs, and lizards in streams close to wooded areas, but they also prey on birds and small animals.

Gray hawk

Image: Source

  • Scientific name: Buteo plagiatus
  • Lifespan:10-15 years
  • Origin: Native to North America
  • Size: Length 16-20 inches, wingspan 35-39 inches
  • Frequency in Utah: Gray hawk are considered an accidental specie of hawks in Utah and has only been seen twice in the past decade

They are light grey in color, with solid grey on the upper portions and barred grey on the breast and belly. Their lengthy tails are black with three white stripes on them. These are smaller hawks in this family and have short, wide wings.
In the summer, grey hawks move to Central America, Mexico, Southern Texas, and Arizona to breed.
Try searching for Gray hawks in willow and cottonwood forests that have nearby streams or rivers. They are often seen flying over broad spaces or perched on trees patiently watching for lizards.

Final Thoughts

Utah is home to a diverse group of hawk species, each with its own unique characteristics and ecological role. From the majestic Red-tailed Hawk to the small and agile Cooper’s Hawk, these birds of prey are an important part of Utah’s ecosystem, playing a crucial role in controlling rodent populations and maintaining balance in the food chain. While some hawks may occasionally pose a threat to small pets or backyard birds, it is important to remember that they are a protected species and should be respected and admired from a safe distance.

As human development continues to impact natural habitats, it is essential that we take steps to protect and preserve the habitats that hawks and other wildlife depend on. By learning more about the different hawk species in Utah and taking action to protect their habitats, we can ensure that these magnificent birds continue to thrive in our state for generations to come.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What types of hawks can be found in Utah?

Utah is home to several species of hawks, including the red-tailed hawk, Cooper’s hawk, sharp-shinned hawk, ferruginous hawk, and northern harrier.

When is the best time of year to see hawks in Utah?

Hawks can be seen year-round in Utah, but the best time to see them is during their migration in the spring and fall.

Where are the best places to go birdwatching for hawks in Utah?

Some of the best places to go birdwatching for hawks in Utah include Antelope Island State Park, Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, and the Wasatch Mountains.

Are there any conservation efforts in place to protect hawks in Utah?

Yes, there are several conservation efforts in place to protect hawks in Utah. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources monitors and manages hawk populations, and there are also several organizations, such as HawkWatch International, that work to protect and conserve hawks and their habitats in the state.

I'm Nauman Afridi, the bird enthusiast behind Birdsology.com. My lifelong passion for birds has led me to create a space where fellow bird lovers can find valuable insights and tips on caring for our feathered friends.Professionally, I'm a brand strategist and digital marketing consultant, bringing a unique perspective to the world of bird care. Whether you're a novice or an experienced bird owner, Birdsology.com is designed to be a welcoming community for all.Feel free to explore, and reach out if you have any questions or just want to chat about birds.
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